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Ways to Waterproof

When it comes to waterproofing there are a couple different options to choose from. Depending on what goals you have some options will be a better fit than others. Below is a brief explanation of the different methods

Exterior Tiling

Dig down to the footing

The first step in this process is to dig all the way to the footing. In most basements that will be about eight feet of dirt. If you have lots of friends that are ok with getting paid with pizza and drinks then this can be done with a shovel. If you plan to hire a company to do it then they will most likely bring an excavator to dig it out

Break the concrete

First step to installing interior drain tile is to break the concrete out about 18 inches away from the exterior wall. Dispose of the broken of the concrete

Replace failed drain tile

Once all the dirt has been removed you can remove the failed drain tile and replace it with new drain tile. A perferated pipe that is around 4" thick goes next to the footing. When installing the new pipe it needs to be sloped toward the exit point for it to be effective

Interior Tiling

Lay new drain tile

Lay a perferated drain pipe next to the footing. Since water typically comes in where the footing and the wall meet dimple board will need installed to direct the water to the tile. Once the tile is in pour new concrete over the pipe

Pour gravel and install vapor barrior

Once the new drain tile is installed you can now redo the vapor against the wall. It can be a tar coating or you can use a dimple board liner. Once that is complete the excavator (or all your friends) can put the dirt back where it was. Be sure to wait a year or two before landscaping as the ground will settle

Install a sump pump

A sump pump will need to be installed to remove the water. All the tile will need to be sloped to the sump. 

Footing Tile

Prep the site

First step to installing footing drain tile is to break the concrete out about 6 inches away from the exterior wall. Dispose of the broken of the concrete

Lay new drain tile

Lay a footing drain pipe on top of the footing. Pea gravel is placed around the pipe. New concrete is poured to over top of the tile. One advantage to tile that is on top of the footing is it does not sit in the mud which makes the possibility of clogging minimal

Install a sump pump

Just like with drain tile that is placed next to the footing a sump pump will need installed to drain all the water. Less water is captured by the tiling which means the sump pump will not need to run as often 

Baseboard Waterproofing

Prep the work area

The work area will need to be completely free of any debris as creating a good seal is how the system works. This is typically a DIY fix as material is readily available and the work can typically be knocked out in a weekend

Install baseboard

Weeping holes in the concrete are needed to drain the cores of the block. Place the baseboard against the wall in the problem area. You will need to add extraction points to allow the water to exit the system as often as possible (usually no more than 30 feet) 

Seal the system

A large bead of caulk is used to seal the system and keep the water behind the baseboard and not on your basement floor. The system can only be effective if you are getting water where the wall and the floor meet and not through the basement wall

Crack Injection

Prep the site

Cleaning out the debris from the crack is the first step when doing an crack injection. Once its cleaned out multiple holes will need to be drilled along the crack so the epoxy can be injected

Install Epoxy

The epoxy tubes are typically left after completing the process.

Waterproof Panels

Another way to prevent a leaking wall is to install waterproof panels. The panels are placed on the wall around the crack. The floor is broke out in the area and the panel extends down underneath the floor to an interior waterproofing system. 

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